Faculty » Faculty of Fine and Applied Arts
Faculty of Fine and Applied Arts
Khon Kaen University
Tel/Fax : 043-202396
The Faculty of Fine and Applied Arts was founded in 1994 and has 4 main objectives:
1. To produce graduates with well-balanced knowledge, morals and wisdom and to develop graduates who will enhance their own personal skills with a broad range of expertise in Western and Local Arts in Northeastern Thailand.
2. To be the center for research and academic services for both Western and Local Arts in Northeastern Thailand.
3. To provide academic services to the community, the nation, and to the world.
4. To preserve and promote arts and culture in Northeastern Thailand.
The Northeast or Isaan region constitutes approximately one-third of the country in area as well as in population. Unfortunately, it is also the least developed part of the country. With its unique arts and culture, there are many sectors that make an effort to preserve the Arts and Culture. However, because large sums of money are needed for the preservation arts and culture, there is no single sector to properly and continually take responsibility for this duty.
Being a leading university in the Northeastern Thailand, KKU has discovered that one of its major responsibilities is to be in charge the Arts and Culture. Therefore, the Faculty of Fine and Applied Arts was established to assist the community in creating education opportunities, solving problems, and in creating a well-balanced and long-lasting development.
- Art and Cultural Research Program The Ph.D. and M.F.A. programs aim to integrate the knowledge of the Arts and Culture within the Mekong Sub-region in order to create expertise in the field and to create scholars who are capable of producing research and creative works of art in response to a creative economy.
- Visual Communication Design The aim of the program is to produce graduates with creative thinking, who are able to understand the principles of design and the responsibilities of being designers, and who can develop a strong work ethic. Our program puts emphasis on our graduates’ creative thinking and work performance. The students are introduced to a variety of business art courses: the printed design, packaging design, and video and movie production. A student-centered approach is provided in our teaching styles to stimulate the students’ freedom of thought, creative thinking, systematic planning, and design. The program provides numerous performances and lecture demonstrations in schools through group discussions, workshops, and seminars with instructors, artists, and specialists from both inside and outside the university. Workshops and academic activities are organized through the cooperation between the program and other organizations and art institutes.
- Folk Music and Performance Program The program’s objective is to produce well-balanced graduates with both theoretical and practical knowledge of Folk Music and Performance. Graduates are able to perform their skills publicly. We emphasize supporting the students to develop their individual abilities. Our program offers a variety of courses, including folk music and performance, mixed folk music and performance, principles of performance, folk drama, and costumes. The program provides numerous performances and lecture demonstrations in schools through group discussions, workshops, and seminars with instructors, artists, and specialists from within the university and outside of the university. The program also arranges workshops and activities with organizations and international music institutes.
Aesthetic Identity of Fine Art works in the Mekong Basin
The research work including Handicraft, Mural painting of the Buddha image, Music and dance
The Mekong is an important river of Asia. It not only serves as boundary lines for many countries, but is also a centre where lives and cultures are joined together. The purpose of the research is to study folk wisdom, identity, and the interaction of Fine Arts such as images of The Buddha, wickerwork, Mural painting, Performing Arts and Music in the Mekong basin.
Buddha Image: The characteristics of Buddha image can be divided into 2 periods. The first period has shown the Chieng-Sane’s character in Buddha images. However, there was no evidence of sculpting any more Buddha images during that time. The second period is less than 100 years old. The identity of the Buddha image of this period has shown a great influence from Myanmar Art. For example, the body of Buddha is colored white, the image is wearing robe of a monk and has red lips.
Handicrafts: The study found that the people from both sides of Northern area of Mekong River have produced handicrafts that fundamentally relate to their ways of life, traditions and beliefs. The crafters are mostly men. The materials such as bamboo or rattan are readily available from nature. The designs are simple and naïve.
Mural painting: The study found that there are 4 characteristics in the paintings: 1) The story from Buddhist belief, folklore and folk art, and culture is mainly represented in the painting. 2) The views of images in paintings are represented with the perspective of giving a bird’s eye view. 3) There is no exact scale of the image’s proportion in relation to people, animal or buildings. 4) There is no significant attempt to present the image in realistic style.
Music: There are 2 types of music. First is the music which based on music from the Royal Palace of Luang Phra Bang such as khapthum singing. Secondly, there is tribal music. However, both musical types use khap singing as melodic movement and chorus who, at the same time, are performing as musicians as well as the audience.
Performing arts: The same or related tribes from both sides of Mekong River have similar performances. Those performances are performed mainly in religious or traditional ceremonies. Due to the performance’s purposes, there also is significant evidence supporting interaction among the people. After the People’s Democratic Republic of Laos underwent a political change in 1975, the Bor-Kiew District created their own performance to present the district identity, which is in alignment with their national policy.
The Study of Metal Casting Folk Wisdom Method
Metal product industries and art schools at universities use many non-renewable materials. If waste from by-products can be re-used to produce something then it is good for environment and reduces the cost of production. Casting metals can be costly when modern techniques are used. This study suggests the use of the Folk Wisdom Method to cast metals. The method is expected to be inexpensive and as efficient as any modern casting technique. The results showed that in the metal casting process two sample groups used environmentally friendly raw materials, which could easily be bought at very low prices. The recommendation of this research was that the folk wisdom casting methods were appropriate for small and medium industries because it takes a long time to get and can be produced in small amounts. It reduces waste, generates incomes and helps to spread the knowledge base on the Folk Wisdom Method for metal casting.
Clay: Material in Contemporary Art
“Clay” Material in Contemporary Art is the study of the former local art which was created from clay. The study focused on the provinces along the Mekong River: Loei, Ubon Rathathani, Nokornpanom, Nong Khai and Mukdahan.
The practical seminar focused on the possibility of patterns, concepts, and techniques to create various kinds of art. The fieldwork study is basically the concept art by the various guest artists in Thailand. Each of them works in different fields of art.
The study shows that in the past the vernacular art of each province normally consisted of pagodas, temples, Buddhist temples, statues of Buddha, high relief and bass relief sculptures, I-san mural paintings, small Buddha images, terracotta and ceramic items, which have a high significance in the sense of history, social cultures and traditions, and definitely in the meaning of art. In particular, the uniqueness of the art in each locale is particularly interesting.